The Integrated Rural Development of Weaker Sections in India (WIDA)




United Evangelical Lutheran Church in India is an umbrella organisation of ten Lutheran Churches in India spread from North East, Assam, West Bengal, Jharkand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Members belonging to these Churches are mostly Dalits, Adivasis, Fisher-folk and backward communities predominantly settled in climatic eco-zones in the coast, forest and arid areas, which are affected by perceptual drought, reoccurrence of cyclone, flash floods and heavy rains. UELCI‘s national office is based in Chennai. Among them many Church and Non-Church related Non-Governmental organisations are also working for the welfare of the communities.

UELCI to respond to long-term development and humanitarian assistance of the victims of natural and man made disasters, it established many units such as Action cum Research Institute, Development Projects, Emergency units and Rural Development Training Centre under the broad desk of UELCI called Division of Social Action (DSA). DSA’s role has been a facilitator in providing basic services to conduct research in the field of community development, preparation of community centered development programmes and screening these proposals. UELCI is a member of the Lutheran World Federation and therefore plays as a link between the member churches, its missions abroad and the unilateral agencies like the NCCI, LWF, LWS, WCC and ACT.

However, since 1978, UELCI was able to handle localised emergencies such as drought, floods and cyclone with the participation of its member churches. These interventions were made just to provide assistance during the crisis phase and the interventions very much depended on how quickly UELCI was able to raise the resources either from LWF/LWS or from bi-lateral resource agencies of UELCI.

In 1988, while the entire state of Orissa was reeling under drought, IRDWSI along with EZE several NGOs in Orissa met at WIDA, Semiliguda to analyse the root causes of drought, the current response of NGOs, Churches, Government and the Resource Agencies. The three-day workshop on Drought enabled the participants collectively to draw out a vision, mission and a long-term development strategy to combat the drought situation in Orissa. This emerged into Orissa Drought Action Forum having membership of 12 NGOs in Orissa mostly working among Adivasis, Dalits and inland fisher folk covering 19 districts out of 30 and reaching nearly to 1200 villages and covering a population of 150,000. This effort was accompanied and supported by EZE, Germany. IRDWSI/CReNIEO took the responsibility of convening and coordinating the programmes of ODAF for almost ten years. In the year 1997, the Orissa Drought Action Forum was changed to Orissa Development Action Forum.

After the formation of the ACT Alliance of LWF and WCC emergency units, three Church Partners from India became the ACT members. UELCI and CASA were alternatively representing in the ACT Emergency Committee. In the first term it was CASA and in the second it is UELCI. This arrangement was continuing till recently and from 2003 onwards the members to ACT Governance will be elected.

IRDWSI and Emergencies

On behalf of UELCI the Integrated Rural Development of Weakersections called WIDA was assigned to represent in the ACT Governance and to respond to emergencies through ACT. IRDWSI/WIDA established a desk called the Disaster Preparedness and Response Team which is based at Visakhapatnam. Emergency programmes were planned, implemented, coordinated through IRDWSI/WIDA.

The role of IRDWSI in large-scale emergencies became inevitable after the super cyclone Orissa in 1999. The Government of Orissa invited IRDWSI and their partners to effectively engage in the crisis phase and in the short-term rehabilitation of repair of houses and livelihood assistance. IRDWSI worked through the ODAF Partners in the Super Cyclone. Almost after 25 years of development and emergency assistance, IRDWSI has built up relationship with many local NGOs in India through its programme in Orissa building alliance to engage in advocacy and lobby work against the policies and acts that were anti-people, anti-environment and anti-development.

The issues related Adivasis, Dalits and Fisher folk were part of IRDWSI agenda. Displacement, Mega development projects that destroy local environment, commercial plantation, Land Acquisition ACT, V Schedule, Panchayati Raj, Conflict over control of natural resources by the corporates were some of the areas where IRDWSI continues to collaborate and cooperate with network of NGOs and People’s Movements.

IRDWSI identifies NGOs in a disaster struck region those who are knowledgeable of the region, culturally sensitive, already active in the region, more pro-poor and are able to take up advocacy issues and fight for the justice of the poor. IRDWSI believes in creating more space for such approaches and collectively respond to emergencies as well continue to work as collective in the longer run.

One another guiding values is that to create local capacities instead of moving into the disaster areas by IRDWSI itself. IRDWSI on behalf of UELCI can build large infrastructure, maintain a large number of professional and experienced people and create resources to sustain these efforts and to move into disaster areas to provide assistance to the victims of disaster. IRDWSI believes in localisation of skills and knowledge at the community level, strengthen the NGO capacities and provide a space for NGOs to act collectively.

This is an unique experience of IRDWSI, and we are able to slowly establish and anchor this approach in critical disaster prone zones as a model and experiment with the Church related or Non Church organisations as well as through them build communities for long term intervention.

Considering the recurrence of Disasters in India, it has been working for Sustainable Disaster Management keeping the community development approach at the core: which is a detachment from traditional “relief- delivery” approach. While the traditional approach relates to moving into work after disaster and moving out before proper rehabilitation emphasizing immediate relief service without caring for the empowerment of community members, IRDWSI considers peoples empowerment as corner stone for community centered Disaster Preparedness.

IRDWSI does not offer such models that does not fit with the taste, tune and texture of people within the given socio political condition.

The role IRDWSI in large scale emergencies became inevitable after the super cyclone. IRDWSI/DPAR’s main objective of disaster preparedness, mitigation and management lies in the following framework:

  • Rights based Approach and Empowerment
  • Community Centered Disaster Preparedness and Management
  • Advocacy and Lobbying
  • Networking among the victims of disaster
  • Capacity Building of the local NGOs, their Staff, Volunteers and the Communities

The above framework is a guiding principle of all the IRDWSI related emergency appeals either to ACT or to the Bi-lateral partners.

Disaster victims have the right to be rehabilitated

  • IRDWSI strongly believes that it is the responsibility of the state to take all necessary measures, short-term or long-term, to protect its citizens from the fury of disasters.

People Centered Disaster Preparedness/Management

  • Community members or victims are at the center of planning, decision-making, execution of disaster management.

Democratic Decision making process

  • Irrespective of religious belief, caste, colour, creed or gender bias each individual has equal right to participate in decision- making process.


  • All the stakeholders are informed of the intentions or contentions of activities.

Community Development as the axis of Relief and Rehabilitation

  • IRDWSI work does not complete just with the completion of relief / rehabilitation work. It facilitates community empowerment and development.

Community Empowerment

  • Empowerment of community is the key to community centred disaster management and its sustainability.

Advocacy and Lobbying

  • It struggles to influence public policy in favour of people through various democratic ways and means.

Networking among Victims of Disasters

  • It networks among the victims, so that they can collectively to prepare against Disasters.

Building Local Capacities

  • Instead of creating centralised resource pull, it believes in developing local skills and knowledge.

Operational Strategy / Approach

  • Links Disaster Mitigation efforts with political, Human Rights issues and organisations
  • Identifies and Involves a locally experienced NGOs (having knowledge of the region, being culturally sensitive, active in the region and more pro-poor, capable to take up fight for justice) / CBOs / POs in Disaster Operations, besides from involving community groups.
  • Facilitates the formation of village- level development committees, the basic unit to spearhead Disaster Mitigation operations.
  • Organises the Community members to demand fulfillment of their rights from the Government.
  • Facilitates for the creation of local infrastructures by the community itself.

Beneficiary Selection

  • Disadvantaged section of the community as Dalits, tribes, Fisher-folks, women, children, disabled etc.
  • Economically marginalized people as agricultural land labourers, share croppers, marginal farmers, small farmers and people under below poverty line.
  • Villages, non- attended or sparsely attended to by the Government or other NGOs.
  • Beneficiaries selected on the basis of observation of experts, CBOs, local People's Representatives and by the village level committee


  • Utmost emphasis on women participation for identification and address of women specific needs during relief and rehabilitation works. Recruitment of mostly women as village level volunteers. Formation of women groups at village/hamlet level


  • Ensure community initiative through opting replicable housing models and beneficiaries’ involvement.
  • In Flood-prone and cyclone-prone areas Flood-resistant 'frames' (concrete pillars and tin-roofing) are supported by IRDWSI, required unskilled manual labours are put by the beneficiaries.
  • Food items are only supported to the persons engaged in work on per diem. Beneficiaries are mobilised to construct walls.
  • Future Floods can wash away the mud only, which can be reconstructed by the beneficiary himself without depending on outside assistance.
  • Advocates and makes the community to avail of the entitled housing compensations from the State.

Food Distribution

  • Discourages free Food Distribution, where community initiative may be killed, except in unavoidable situations
  • Provides food materials in lieu of labour contribution by the beneficiary for making their own individual and community infrastructure.

Assistance for Agriculture

  • Seeds are supported to marginal/ small farmers through village committees under an agreement. The beneficiaries would return the seeds through the village committees after harvesting.
  • Seed banks are opened with the seeds collected from villagers to meet future need during Calamities.

Health and Sanitation

  • With primary concern it helps the community to use safe drinking water
  • Medicine kits are supplied to village committees.
  • Village volunteers are trained/ oriented to administer medicines, where doctors or qualified staff are not available

Lessons Learnt

Frequency of Disasters as Cyclone, Drought, Flood is now increasing year by year

For example, the heat-wave in 1998 in Coastal Orissa took away 1500 lives, in 1999 two major cyclones in Orissa affected 15 million people, and killed about 25000 people, in 2000 a severe drought affected 29 districts, in 2001 an unprecedented Floods affected 24 districts out of 30. In 2002 the people are facing another severe most drought .

In all these disasters extreme behaviour of the climate is being marked. In 1998 Coastal Orissa had reached a temperature about 500 which was a record while normal temperature in Bhubaneswar remained around 400 C which was unthinkable 20 years back. The flood in 2001 was unprecedented due to its intensity and extensiveness.

This year Drought is considered a rare phenomenon not seen in the whole of last century. The shortage of rainfall has broken 40 years record. This year less than 60% rainfall has been recorded all over India. 320 districts have been identified as Drought prone.

It seems frequent changes in climate due to Global warming caused basically by human activities will not only make Disasters inevitable but also affect agriculture, health, livelihood with impacts. It is known to everybody that the industrialized and Developed countries are more responsible in this regard than the developing countries ones.

Globalization -Trade liberalisation increases Vulnerability

Trade liberalisation or Globalisation induced economic reforms has been creating more impoverishment by largely reducing existing job opportunities, pushing further down the small, middle and marginal farmers and wage labourers who are of the lower economic strata; slicing down social welfare schemes creating hindrance for the development of local infrastructure and preparedness. These are helping to increase vulnerability in the face of disasters of the common people of urban and rural India.

Riots and Wars

Increasing conflicts in between religions, communities, tribal vs non-tribals, dalits vs higher castes are giving birth to disaster ie. Gujarat carnage. We must not forget the disasters being faced by Afghanistan and other war-torn countries.

Considering these about facts Disaster has become a regular today part of Human life. Development can not be thought of without addressing the effects of Disaster. Now any Development thinker or worker cannot but integrate Disaster Management with Developmental option. This is UELCI's foremost learning. It will be its endeavor to slowly establish and anchor this approach in critical Disaster prone zone as a model and experiment with Church related or Non-Government Organization as well as through them build intervention for long term intervention.

  • Involvement of community members in the process makes the community establish their ownership over the project, process and outcome.
  • Interaction among affected people, community leaders, experts, CBOs / Local NGOs and UELCI facilitator during various phases beginning from damage assessment to implementation, impact assessment helps in joining the people's experience and experts’ knowledge.
  • Targeting indigenous tribes, dalits (untouchables), agricultural labourers, marginal/ small farmers and other vulnerable people lying at the bottom-line of the society, ignoring their caste, creed, religious affiliations helps in bringing confidence among these people. Although it creates casual tensions among upper strata, it makes community to stand against communal frenzy.
  • Recruiting women as community volunteers and to work as community spokespersons helps in building confidence and trust among women-folks and to take up women-specific problems in Disaster mitigation activities.
  • Activating and involving local political workers in Disaster mitigation activities strengthens Advocacy / lobbying actions to pressurize the Government authorities to provide compensations.
  • Low cost housing or local community infrastructures and involvement of communities along with their own contribution inspires other marginalised sections, beyond the targeted areas to replicate the models without feeling hopeless.
  • Integrating Disaster management Programmes with community development efforts brings entire community together and make the DMP sustainable.
  • Experience from one Disaster helps the community to strengthen their coping up mechanism to face another Disaster of similar kind.

Future Response

  • Identify disaster prone regions – cyclone, floods, drought, earthquake, communal riots/violence in India
  • Identify local NGOs and Community Based Organisations in the region
  • Identify resource persons and create a data bank
  • Relate with ACT For a India
  • Build alliances with other national and International Organisations engaged in disaster preparedness and response
  • Initiate Capacity Building programmes in the areas of Disaster Preparedness and Response – Churches, NGOs, Community Based Organisations and the Communities.
  • Hold a National Workshop on Disaster Preparedness and Response – Experience Sharing and to develop a Policy Paper of Disaster preparedness and Response, Prepare an action plan for five years, prepare different modules in relation to Disaster Preparedness and Response, Peace, Conflict, Communal Harmony and Development.
  • Continuously review Relief Codes of the Central and State Governments
  • Establish a national and regional offices
  • Conduct periodic study in the vulnerable areas and relate to climate change issues.
  • Prepare a proposal for a Fund to a tune of Rs. 5 Million for emergency response and later to be raised from the resource agencies.

Human endeavor to prevent and mitigate disasters can be successful only with the aid of an affective knowledge base. A country like India which is rich in knowledge, both traditional and modern needs to utilise this base for effective Disaster management. The process of recording the data during any disaster situation has to be properly constituted for different type of disaster as each disaster situation is a unique event, which needs to be recorded for posterity to draw appropriate lessons.

UELCI’s Disaster Response

Orissa Floods 2003 (ASIN 34)

Incessant heavy rainfall for weeks together both at upper & lower catchment areas of Mahanadi, Indravati and other river systems caused floods in most parts of Orissa. On 28th August Mahanadi, Indravati and other rivers swelled. Heavy discharge of water from the Hirakud, Indravati and other reservoirs coupled with heavy rainfall in the lower catchments and the coastal delta areas has caused severe floods and flash-floods. Almost, 6846 villages in 23 districts have been affected.

UELCI’s Area of Operation

The area covered under this programme lies in 62 villages, 12 Gram Panchayats in 2 blocks from 2 districts covering 1307 families

Response by UELCI

This programme is still going on and so far the following assistance has been provided.

  • 1307 families were assisted with Food Relief
  • 357 families with 1071 match boxes and 360 litres of Kerosene was provided under Non-food items
  • 62 Health awareness meetings were held in 69 villages
  • 300 ORS packets were distributed
  • 956 patients were treated by conducting 35 health camps in 69 villages
  • Water sources in all working villages were treated with bleaching power
  • Halogen tablets were provided to all the families
  • 68 volunteers have been engaged

Orissa Drought 2002 (ASIN 24)

Orissa State has been passing through another severe drought in 2002-03. Due to long monsoon breaks, continuous dry spell and sporadic rainfall has badly affected the Kharif (autumn and winter) crops. All the 30 Districts of the state have been affected damaging around 70% of crops. The Government of Orissa have declared 5857 out of total 6234 Gram Panchayats as drought-hit.

Response by UELCI

  • 27 villages, 11 Gram Panchayats, 8 blocks and 6 districts were covered
  • 2009 families were covered
  • 1742 families were assisted with food for work.
  • 72625 human days were generated.
  • 185 families were benefited under drinking water programme
  • 2742 patients were treated by conducting 53 health camps
  • 89 wells disinfected
  • 88 awareness meetings were conducted
  • 1195 families were provided with black-gram seeds
  • 1684 families were provided with paddy seeds
  • 139 families were provided with Ragi seeds
  • 32 families were provided with groundnut
  • 74 families were provided with horsegram
  • 1703 families were provided with homestead vegetable seeds
  • 1880 families were covered under seed bank programme
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Gujarath Communal Violence (ASIN 21)

Over 665 people have been killed in Gujarat since communal violence and rioting broke out on 28 February. On 27 February, 58 people were killed at Godhra on the border of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, in an attack on a train carrying Hindu activists on their way back from Ayodhya. This triggered violence against the Muslim minority in large parts of the state, including Ahmedabad, Baroda, Surat, Rajkot, Morbi, Bhavnagar and the north eastern tribal belt, bordering south Rajasthan.

UELCI’s Area of Operation

The area covered under this programme lies in north Gujarat in Idar Block

Response by UELCI

  • 1223 families in 7 camps were covered.
  • 1223 families for 30 days were covered under food assistance
  • 1223 families were provided with sleeping materials
  • Legal and Media advocacy support

Conducted 1 peace march and 2 Youth camps on communal harmony

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Andhra Cyclone (ASIN 14)

The 17th of October 2001 was a fateful day for the villages of the Nellore, Cuddapah District of Andhra Pradesh. Deep depression created in the Bay of Bengal intensified into cyclonic storm with the wind velocity of 75 km per hour. The Cyclone caused incessant rains with the record of 350 mm within 24 hours that resulted in the high flow in the many rivers.

1,16,076 hectares of land damaged of which 1,08,771 hectares of standing crop and 7,305 hectares due to soil erosion. 108 persons lost their lives and 21 missing. 650 livestock lost and total loss of Animal Husbandry at Rs. 85.37 lakh. Approximately 87,975 houses damaged, 1771 tank breached, 505 drinking water schemes, 1596 roads connecting the villages with the main roads and the highways have been damaged, 61 Hospitals, 192 PHCs and 2468 Sub centres were damaged, the total loss estimated Rs. 924 crores by the government.

UELCI’s Area of Operation

28 villages in 8 mandals of Gudur Division from Nellore district were covered

Response by UELCI

  • 1208 families were covered
  • 619 families were assisted with food for work.
  • 55710 person days were generated.
  • 416 families were assisted with non-food items like lanterns, mats
  • 619 families were assisted with Shelter materials.
  • 101 nets were provided to 101 families.
  • 600 families were benefited through livestock support
  • 3837 people were covered in 25 medical camps under the medical assistance programme.
  • 628 community members and volunteers from 28 villages had been given training on disaster preparedness.
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Orissa Floods Post Crisis (ASIN 13)

It was a continuation of ASIN - 12

UELCI’s Area of Operation

Gania, Khandapara, Bhapur are the blocks in Nayagarh district, Bhuban Block in Dhenkanal district Angul and Athmallick Blocks in Angul district, Dasmanthpur block of Koraput district. In 8 blocks and four districts, 5811 Families of 70 villages in 15 Gram Panchayats were covered under the Programme.


  • 70 villages, 15 Gram Panchayats, 8 blocks and 4 districts were covered
  • 5811 families were covered
  • 4214 families were assisted with food for work.
  • 64808 person days were generated.
  • 30 boats were given to 274 families.
  • 366 families were assisted with Shelter materials
  • 659 nets were provided to 800 families.
  • 42 weaving units were supported.
  • 1749 families were provided with black-gram seeds.
  • 205 families were provided with ground-net seeds.
  • 1614 families were provided with brinjal, chilly and oil seeds.
  • 235 families were provided with oil seeds.
  • 3789 families were covered under home stead vegetable cultivation.
  • 5787 families in 90 villages were covered under the medical assistance programme.
  • 56 Meetings were conducted in the villages.
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Orissa Floods (ASIN 12)

Following the super cyclone in the year 1999 and the severe drought in the year 2000, the third misfortune of the Orissa people was the floods in July 2001 that played havoc with the lives of the people and their survival livelihood resources. There seems to be no end to the people's worries as torrential rains continued to lash the State and the release of waters from the Hirakud Dam and other barrages in July 2001 worsen the situation. Less than two years after a cyclone wrecked Orissa, a trail of devastation has been left by floods that affected more than five million people in the State.

The recent flood affected 24 districts of the State such as Angul, Balasore, Bargarh, Bhadrak, Balangir, Boudh, Cuttack, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi, Kendrapara, Khurdha, Koraput, Nawarangpur, Nayagarh, Nuapada, Puri, Rayagada, Sambalpur, Sonepur and Sundargarh.

The following are the other details relating Orissa Floods:

(i) Areas Affected – 24 Districts, 12910 Villages

(ii) Population affected: 967.2 Million

(iii) Number of human live lost: 105

(iv) Number of Cattle lost: 10169

(v) Estimated value of crop damage: Rs. 710000 Million

(vi) Number of houses collapsed: 174041

UELCI’s Area of Operation

Ganiya, Khandapara and Bhapur in Nayagarh, Bhuban in Dhenkanal, Angul, Kishorenagar, Atthamallik in Angul and Dasmanthpur in Koraput Districts of Orissa.

11490 Families of 175 villages in 36 Gram Panchayats were covered under the Programme. The Crisis Phase Relief Programme was carried out in 9 blocks of 4 districts.


  • 11490 families were covered under food assistance.
  • 1170 families were provided with temporary shelter materials.
  • 965 families were given sleeping materials – blankets and dhurries.

Besides this, the essential commodities like matches (4688 Pkts) and candles 900 Pkts. were distributed.

  • 174 villages, 36 Gram Panchayat, 9 Blocks in 4 districts were covered
  • 11490 families were covered under immediate food relief ( 3 to 20 days)
  • 40000 person days of work was generated
  • 1170 families were provided with polythene sheets ( temporary roofing)
  • 965 families received sleeping materials
  • 9120 patients were attended to
  • Crisis Phase will come to an end by end of November 2001
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Gujarath Earthquake (ASIN 11)

The monstrous earthquake of 26th January, 2001 that hit Gujarat measuring 8.0 on the Richter Scale at the epicentre and 7.1 in the surroundings areas. The epic centre of the quake was 20 km away from Bhuj, the district capital of Kutch, intense tremors lasted for about 2-3 minutes in the north western district of Kutch and caused widespread destruction in Kutch and adjoining district of Jamnagar, Surendranagar and Rajkot. This earthquake has been the most severe in the last hundred years, which caused thousands of lives were lost and shelters destroyed and some villages were wiped out.

According to government figures 35000 lives were lost 31000 persons injured, 1,60,000 families homeless though unofficial estimates claimed as high as 1lakh deaths, 2 lakhs persons injured and 4,80,000 homeless respectively. 4578 villages in 77 blocks in 8 districts affected with 15536 human deaths, 11957 livestock deaths, 58001 injured and 211788 houses totally collapsed and 328102 partially.

UELCI Area of Operation

7 villages of Rapar Block of Kutch district, 30 villages of Jodiya block of Jamnagar district including Jodiya town and 3 villages of Maliya Block of Rajkot District and 1 village of Halvad Block of Surendranagar District.

Response by UELCI

After assessing the destruction the works were being implemented in two phases as crisis phase and post crisis phase. The crisis assistance included food distribution, sleeping materials, cooking materials. The food assistance covered to 4450 families for 60 days. Cooking materials were supplied to selected 3900 families and sleeping materials to 1929 selected families most of them were from dalits, minorities, and landless poor. The Post Crisis phase included provision of shelter materials for temporary construction, medical assistance, capacity building programme, socio psycho study for children, advocacy and media accompaniment. 3700 families were provided with shelter materials and number of major surgeries were done by different church based medical teams.

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Orissa Super Cyclone - 1999

The State of Orissa was ravaged by two consecutive cyclones within a gap of 11 days. Ganjam, Gajapati, Khurda and Nayagarh were badly affected with death toll of 197 persons and 1 lakh cattle, uncountable number of trees, communication system and thousands of people rendered homeless with the total loss estimated at Rs. 3000 crores in the first hit. The second one affecting 12 districts of coastal Orissa with tidal waves, rain and heavy wind caused loss of 50000 lives (officially 10000 declared), 4.5 lakhs cattles, 18.43 lakh hecates of standing crop, 18 lakhs houses collapsed affecting 16.2 million people. The total loss was estimated at Rs. 30,000 crores.

UELCI Area of Operation

Mahakalpara in Kendrapara, Erasma in Jagatsinghpur, Gandia in Dhenkenal, Kaptipada in Mayurbhanj, Anandpur in Keonjhar, Chikiti, Kukudakhandi and Digapahandi in Ganjam Districts of Orissa.

UELCI implementing partners had worked in 108 villages of 8 blocks in 6 districts of Orissa.

Response by UELCI

In the crisis phase the main activities were food distribution, medical, food for work, clothing to children, blankets and lanterns.

  • 3237 families received food assistance.
  • 75 villages were cleaned
  • 5917 families were covered under food for work.
  • 75 villages trees were cut and cleared.
  • 52 Km. road was repaired.
  • 29 numbers of carcass were disposed.
  • 16 number of community centres were repaired.
  • 40 educational buildings were repaired.
  • 17 Km. long canal was repaired.
  • 58592 persons days were generated.
  • 10017 patients were treated.
  • 5940 families were provided with new and old clothes
  • 10450 blankets were distributed to 5226 families.
  • 6569 families received Lanterns.
  • 4305 houses were repaired.
  • 26675 families were provided with food for work.
  • 11600 families received bamboos for shelter repair
  • 5327 farmers were assisted with Seeds for agriculture
  • 6927 families received vegetable seeds
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